Thursday, December 5, 2019

Invention of telegraph by Guglielmo Marconi

Guglielmo Marconi, 1st Marquis of Marconi, was an entrepreneur, businessman and founder of the UK based Wireless Telegraph & Signal Company (which later became the Marconi Company)in 1897.

Guglielmo Marconi was born on 25 April, 1874, in Bologna. He was the son of an Italian country squire and an Irish opera singer. He lived a quite venture some youth, with his family moving between Great Britain, Bologna, Florence, and Leghorn (Livorno).

As a boy, when conducting his sailboat in Leghorn, he realized that as soon as one got away from the coast, one could no longer communicate. He picked up some physics and mathematics in Leghorn, under the supervision of Professor Vincenzo Rosaof the renowned Liceo Niccolini. As a teenager, Marconi started experimenting with electricity and magnetism.

In 1854, semaphore was out and electric wire was in. That year, the New York-Sandy Hook Telegraph Company, using magnetic telegraph equipment, set up the first telegraph station at the Twin Lights.

Marconi succeeded in making the radio a commercial success by innovating and building on the work of previous experimenters and physicists. Achieving his first experimentation success on his father's estate in Bologna, Italy in 1895, Marconi wrote to the Ministry of Post and Telegraphs, but the ministry was not interested in funding further research.

Finding little interest or appreciation for his work in Italy, Marconi travelled to London in early 1896 at the age of 21, accompanied by his mother, to seek support for his work. A series of demonstrations for the British government followed, the English seeking better ways to remain in contact with their widely dispersed fleet.

By March 1897, Marconi had transmitted Morse code signals over a distance of about 6 km (3.7 mi) across the Salisbury Plainsouth of England. On May 13, 1897, Marconi sent the world's first ever wireless communication over open sea, achieving up to 16 km (9.9 mi) in range.
Invention of telegraph by Guglielmo Marconi

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