Thursday, October 20, 2016

Invention of air-conditioning

Leonardo da Vinci had built a ventilating fan by the end of the 15th century. Later, Boyle in 1659 and Dalton in 1800 discovered the laws that are very well known.

One of the earliest visionaries to articulate the benefits of atmospheric cooling was Florida physician John Gorrie. He focused on the importance of temperature rather than humidity. Gorrie was granted Patent No, 8080 for a machine to make ice.

He envisioned atmospheric cooling for health and comfort, through the deployment of mechanical refrigeration.

The earliest experiments in the first stages of this technology incorporated cooling. In 1853 Alexander Twinning of New Haven produced 725 kg of ice a day using a double-acting vacuum and compression pump, employing te 1834 invention of the vapor compression cycle by Jacob Perkins. By 1889 central-station refrigeration was commercially available in several cities in the United States and abroad.

It is worth mentioning the name of A.R Wolff who designed air-conditioning systems for as many as hundred buildings during his life-time. But it is W.H Carrier (1876-1950) who is known as the ‘Father of Air-Conditioning’.

Carrier’s inventions are credited with helping the United States develop its infrastructure and business uniformly throughout the country, regardless of climate.
Invention of air-conditioning
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